I wanted to know more about tatoos so i thought of making an artifact about the subject. I went to interview one of the best tatoos artists i know in west midlands to talk about different kinds of tatoos and the reasons as to why people seem to be addicted to tatoos.
i learnt a lot from him that day regarding the history of tatoos and where they originate, but for this to happen i had to design a set of questionaires to ask him.
why do people like tatoos?
where do tatoos originate from?
How many styles of tatoos are there?
what does it take to be a tatoos artist?
Is there any side effects from having tatoos on your body?
what is the minimum age of having tatoos?
I researched on some famous tatoo magazines in the UK and USA
Amber Rose and her tattoos are on display in two magazines this month.
Amber revealed to “Inked” that she get her first tattoo (a pair of paw prints) when she was 19.
The goalkeeper, who plays for English Premier League team Everton, has his tattooed torso and rugged good looks on display on the cover of the latest edition of Adweek.
Tattoos are an art as old as time. And, as with any cultural art form, there’s a rich history behind all that ink — and some of it may really surprise you.
For example, did you know that European missionaries tried to remove tattoos by scrubbing the skin raw with sandstone? Or that one American man claims to be the only person legally allowed to tattoo copyrighted Disney characters into his skin? It’s true.
1. The Online Etymology Dictionary traces the word “tattoo” back to the Polynesian noun tatau, meaning “puncture, mark made on skin.” Some have even suggested that the word is onomatopoeic, mimicking thetapping sound of early tattooing implements.
2. Prison tattoo artists use materials such as cd player motors, springs, pens and soot (among other found materials) to create tools and inks for tattooing fellow inmates. In some Russian prisons, they make ink with melted boot heels mixed with urine or blood.
3. The first tattooing machine (the precursor to today’s tattoo gun) was patented by Samuel F. O’Reilley in 1891. It was actually just a modification of an invention designed for autographic printing, first patented by Thomas Edison 15 years earlier.
4. According to some sources, different types of sailors’ tattoos held different meanings at different times in history. For example, a turtle meant he had crossed the equator; a full-rigged ship meant he navigated around cape horn; and a dragon indicated that the sailor served in China.
5. Several U.S. presidents are rumored to have had tattoos, including Franklin Pierce and Dwight Eisenhower. Theodore Roosevelt, however, is confirmed to have had a family crest inked into his chest.
6. Ötzi the Iceman is the oldest natural mummy ever discovered in Europe (he was found between Austria and Italy), and is believed to have lived around 5,200 years ago. After observing his tattooed body, some researchers believe his markings may have had medical significance, as they bear a “striking proximity” to the locations of the body’s acupuncture points.
7. In 1999, toy maker Mattel introduced the Butterfly Art Barbie which came with a butterly tattoo on her stomach, along with temporary tattoos for the doll’s owners. It was eventually taken off the market afternumerous complaints were recieved from parents. Mattel later released the Totally Stylin’ Tattoos Barbie in 2009, complete with a temporary-tattoo “gun,” and then the Tokidoki Barbie in 2011, featuring tattoos on her arm and collarbone.
8. Between the years 1961 and 1997, it was illegal to get a tattoo in New York City. It was banned by the Department of Health after an outbreak of hepatitis B.
9. The very first televised beauty pageant (filmed at the 1939 World’s Fair) featured a heavily-tattooed contestant named Betty Broadbent, who was already somewhat famous as a circus performer for the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus.
10. In an annual survey conducted by the Center for Professional Excellence at Pennsylvania’s York College in 2012, 61 percent of human resource managers claimed that an applicant’s chances would be hindered by a tattoo. A year earlier in 2011, it was only 57 percent.
Guidelines For a Tattoo Virgin
It’s important to choose your body art carefully.
“Don’t get a tattoo thinking that it can be removed later in life,” says Khani Zulu, co-owner of Zulu Tattoo in Los Angeles. She stresses that tattoos, by definition, are meant to be permanent. “You should think long and hard about a design that you’ll be happy with for years to come,” she adds.
If you haven’t yet decided on a design for your tattoo, it’s best to choose something that holds personal meaning or work with an artist to create entirely original artwork. “Choose a design that speaks to you in some way,” says Khani, adding that people often choose to represent their heritage or culture with a tattoo. “Even if you choose a universal symbol, make sure that it speaks to you.”
Not all artists and tattoo shops are created equal.
Once you’ve chosen your tattoo (and a body part to showcase it), you’ll need to research tattoo parlors and tattoo artists. The internet can be a useful tool, but you should also be visiting shops first-hand. “Do consultations and ask around,” advises Zulu. “Seek out an experienced artist and look for consistency in their portfolio.”
It’s also important to inquire about the certifications at a potential tattoo shop. Requirements vary from state to state, but Zulu says your tattoo artist should always hold a current Blood Borne Pathogens Certificate and know basic first aid procedures.
Finally, keep an eye out for hygienic tattooing practices. “Make sure the shop is clean,” says Khani, “and make sure that you are made to feel comfortable.” She adds that all tattoo needles and inks should be disposable and one-time-use only, and if you see something that indicates otherwise, head for the door.
Watch what you eat and drink the night before.
Essentially, you want your skin to be ready for your new ink, and that means eating right and getting a good night’s rest. “A tattoo causes trauma to the body, so you and your immune system should be in tip-top shape,” Khani advises. “You want your body as clean as possible to promote the best healing.”
The night before your appointment, Zulu says it’s a good idea to stick to a relatively healthy diet. Alcohol, for instance, should be avoided or strictly limited. “It can increase the amount of bleeding that happens,” she warns. “Also, avoid overly processed, salty or sugary foods,” she adds, saying that sodium nitrates and sugars can increase inflammation and swelling.
It’s going to hurt.
“Yes, of course it hurts!” claims Zulu. She says the pain of a tattoo is annoying more than anything else, but acknowledges that each customer feels pain in their own way. “It’s hard to describe,” she admits. “It’s different for each person.”
Even after the tattooing process is done, however, you can expect your skin to be red and sore for a while. According to the aftercare section of Zulu Tattoo’s website, your tattoo might feel like an itchy sunburn for several days after the procedure, sometimes even oozing pus and blood.
It’s not over when you leave the tattoo parlor.
Now that you’ve got your new tattoo, you’re going to need to care for it. As Khani says, “Treat your new tattoo like what it is: an open wound.” She suggests washing it regularly with only mild soap and water, and never using abrasive sponges, loofahs or rags. Then, pat the tattoo — don’t rub — with paper towels.
It’s also imperative to let you skin repair itself after a tattoo, so care should be taken when choosing and applying a healing ointment. Many tattoo parlors can suggest a brand to buy (and some offer their own formula for purchase), but whatever ointment you choose, make sure it contains no petroleum or lanolin. “A tattoo needs to breathe,” notes Khani, adding that petroleum and lanolin can clog the pores.
In the end, if you clean and moisturize your tattoo regularly, you should expect it to heal completely after three or four weeks.
Removal is possible, but it doesn’t come easy or cheap.
According to Jonathan B. Levyn, a doctor of osteopathic medicine in Philadelphia, lasers are the most common method of tattoo removal. “Lasers deliver very short pulses of high intensity light into the treated area,” explains Levyn. “The tattoo is dissolved into smaller ink particles that are harmlessly removed by the body’s immune system in the weeks following treatment.” This procedure, however, costs a pretty penny (it’s around $200 per treatment, and always requires multiple treatments) and hurts just as much, if not more, than getting tattooed (Levyn likened the pain to being repeatedly snapped by rubber bands). Furthermore, Levyn states that “Not all tattoos are equally treatable, and some tattoos aren’t good candidates for removal at all.”
So what can you do if you laser removal isn’t an option? Khani at Zulu Tattoo notes that it’s possible to cover up a tattoo with another tattoo, though you should look for someone that has specific experience in drawing over tattoos, as not all artists are skilled in this particular craft.
Khani, however, delivers the absolute best advice on the subject of tattoo removal: “Make sure you get what you want the first time!”
Celebrity Tattoos and the Stories Behind Them
Seeing as we’re in the midst of a “tattoo takeover,” we figured we’d take a few minutes to talk about celebrity tattoos. They’ve become so commonplace that it’s almost rare to see a celebrity who doesn’t have one peeking out from their sleeves or their gowns.
But have you ever stopped to wonder about your favorite star’s tats? What they mean, why they’re there, or how they’ve affected lives and careers? Sometimes, the stories surrounding these markings are more interesting than the designs themselves.